Dark circles under eyes can make a person look old, unhealthy, and exhausted. Even in young people with a healthy lifestyle and good sleeping patterns suffer from dark circles. Dark circles under the eyes are also known as allergic shiners and raccoon attacks. It is often believed that dark circles are an indication that there is a lack of sleep or unhealthy. These circles can be cured by many home remedies but in very severe cases it is recommended to turn to cosmetic laser treatment. The skin under the eyes is extremely thin and is likely to take on a blue or grayish tint from the veins that lie beneath it. These can be inherited or might be in reaction to any allergies such as hay fever or eczema. Other reasons for dark circles are dehydration, fatigue, fluid retention and Iron deficiency. While there are numerous other reasons for dark circles to appear, creams rich in vitamin C, K, E or retinol are helpful in reducing these circles. Cosmetic cures for dark circles include chemical peels, laser treatments and injectable wrinkle fillers. These fillers make the skin look turgid and reduce the dark color beneath the eyes. Laser treatment is a successful way of getting rid of these circles. Laser beam is targeted to the area beneath the eyes and as the laser light converts to heat it damages the cells that cause dark circles. Fillers reduce the deep sack-like look and make the complexion of that area similar to the complexion of the rest of the face. When dark shadows or bags form, it is usually not a temporary thing with people who have deficiencies and follow fatigued routines. Pigment related issues that cause discoloration are common among people who have a dark skin complexion. The skin around the eye becomes thin and this results in the exposure of the tiny blood vessels that lie just below. More commonly, the formation of dark circles is not due to changes in the color of the skin. On the contrary, they’re created by a loss of volume in the area around the eye. This exposes the orbital bone, creating a hollow trough that shows up as a dark circle. With the delicate eye area one of the first spots to reveal signs of aging, this can happen as early as the late 30s or 40s. Makeup can help conceal but hiding dark circles with concealer is simpler yet a short termed cure. If there is mild discoloration, the individual can choose a fluid concealer but in case of darker circles, the concentrated forms such as a cream or cake concealer. The more effective options to cure this cosmetic problem include IPL treatment or intense pulse light. This can help since it involves destroying those pigment cells that cause a dark circle to appear. Eye creams that contain caffeine or kojic acid can help in lightening the dark circles under the eyes without damaging the blood vessels underneath.