Hair loss

Hair loss

 

What is hair loss 

It is shedding  predominantly from the scalp, hairline region eventually causing baldness or alopecia. Permanence of hair on a normal healthy scalp ranges from 10,000 to 150,000 approximately. Although our skin in general is visually or indiscernible covered with hair. Hair are unviewable at belly button, palms of hand, soles of feet, eyelids etc. The structure comprises of a protein named as keratin which grows on the outer part of skin in the follicles. An individual may lose 50-150 hair a day while brushing or washing. Falling or thinning more than normal can occur at any age with the underlying causes of hormonal issues to hair styling problems or majorly some medical reasons. Subsequently production of new cells, pushes the previous ones to accelerate out of the body at the ratio of six inches annually. Hair visible to naked eye are the strands of dead keratin cells. Therefore, when any underlying problem prolongs the stay of older cells and weakens the production of new cells eventually hair starts thinning and breaks easily.

Male hair loss (3):

Almost 40% of men suffer from this issue. It might be you or your relative, any friend who is suffering with impairment. It mainly affects the top or frontal portion of the scalp predominantly reducing from the vertex of the scalp or hairline. It may leave some fringes at the side and rear of head or may progress to complete baldness. This is commonly termed as male pattern or androgenic alopecia.

Female hair loss (4):

Unlike male pattern, the female pattern may vary depending upon the underlying cause. Some may experience sudden loss while some may experience heavy thinning. Females do not bear baldness like men do. Follicles rests more in telophase duly slowing down the germination of more and new follicles leading to shedding of more hair.

Postpartum hair loss (5):

Once a female gets pregnant her hair gets thicker due to rush of hormones which keep fluctuating throughout her pregnancy, but she will not observe hair fall as much as she had before pregnancy but as soon, she welcomes her new bundle of joy in her life, her estrogen level lowers resulting in shedding of more than normal . Its due to fluctuation of hormones, it is known as telogen effluvium. It reaches a peak once the baby approaches the age of four months. She will start getting strands but do not worry it will get better once your darling baby hits one year of age.

Hair loss (6) causes in males and females:

Majorly baldness in men can occur due to hormonal change i.e., enhanced amount of DHT (Dihydrotestosterone) in the body results in decreased production of  follicles causing the complete stoppage ending up in alopecia. It can also be hereditary which may contribute towards teenage alopecia. or any other medical reason. Its manifestations may vary from individual to individual. It can be due to aging which is normally experienced around 30 to 40 years of age.

Causes of female hair loss (7) can be genetic which means she has inherited it from any of her parents. Female is more liable to hair problems when she ages and already bears a lack of basic nutrients mainly iron or zinc. Similarly, childbirth, pregnancy, menopause occurring as a result of hormonal change can contribute to the inclination of normal growth. Birth of a tumor in the ovary or pituitary gland can increase the amount of androgen hormone causing the hair to get weaker and thin.

How to stop hair fall immediately:

There are several ways to control the falling immediately. Some of them are enlisted below:

Daily use of mild shampoo to wash hair:

Cleaned hair looks more volumized so regular use of shampoo may prevent the immediate decrease as it will keep the head less prone to infections and dandruff.

Regular intake of vitamins:

Regular intake of vitamins may also contribute to reduction of alopecia as vitamin E Improves the blood supply to scalp encouraging more production of healthy hair and vitamins B keeps the color. Whereas zinc and biotin also improve the overall hair health.

More protein intake:

More intake of lean meat, green leafy vegetables, fish and soy will enhance the hair health.

Use of essential oils:

Use of almond oil, sesame oil, castor oil or coconut oil may enrich the follicles with nutrients resulting in a healthy head rich in volumized hair.

Avoid frequent brushing and hair styling:

Do not use brush harshly while brushing neither make too many styles. Adopt simplicity and use a comb with a wide tooth. Avoid use of a strainer and curler as these things may dry the already weekend hair and make them break easily resulting in more loss .

Use ginger garlic and onion extract and Green tea:

Use of ginger and garlic or onion extract along with aloe Vera really help in increasing the hair sebum subsequently encouraging hair follicles to produce more frequently and in bulk. Use of green tea may provide phenolic compounds which help in increasing the hair health.

Also keeping yourself hydrated may help the hair to remain healthy.

Illnesses that cause hair loss (8):

Typically, 90% hair is continuously being nourished by nutrients and oxygen supply and growing steadily on the human scalp. Each follicle depends upon its life cycle which can be interrupted by age factor, any disease or from an unknown reason. This cycle is of three steps:

  • Anagen which involves maturing of follicles and stays from two to eight years.
  • Catagen has mediocre hair growth which stays up to two to three weeks.
  • Telogen phase is a quiet stage where after a silence of two to three months the older follicles are replaced by the new freshers suitably starting a new follicular life cycle.

Once this follicular cycle is disturbed it may lead to alopecia or immense hair lapse. Following are some diseases which lead towards hair reduction.

Polycystic ovary syndrome:

Occurrence of this disease may enhance the concentration of androgenic hormone in the body of the victim resulting in female pattern of hair loss.

Involutional alopecia:

It occurs as many follicles move to the quiet stage thinning . The already existing hair may brittle and lessen due to shortage of nutrients and oxygen. It is a natural phenomenon.

Androgenic alopecia:

It can be hereditary which evolute with age and can affect both men and women. male pattern of hair fall can occur at early teen age and may lead to complete baldness whereas in females it does not extend to baldness but pratfall from the crowing of the scalp can be seen.

Alopecia areata:

This autoimmune disease may create sudden patchy loss of hair and may

occur in children as well as young adults. It may cause complete baldness, but

hair may return within some years.

Alopecia universalis:

It may result in loss of hair from whole body including pubic hair and from eyelash

and eyebrows.

Telogen effluvium:

Because of the prolonged resting stage, hair starts thinning, subsequently time being loss of hair from the scalp which can be recovered.

Lupus:

This autoimmune disorder may cause a flood of symptoms which also involve problems of skin i.e., predominantly hair fall.

Thyroid issues:

Hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism can contribute immensely to decline of thickened hair.

 Cancer:

Amongst various types of cancers Hodgkin’s lymphoma may lead to less production of healthy follicles resulting in less or no hair on the scalp and hairline.

Chemotherapy:

Chemotherapy causes serious side effects and causes complete baldness as medicines being used in therapy targets both healthy and diseased cells causing death of hair follicular production.

Anorexia and bulimia:

Eating disorders not only deficient the body from vital nutrients but also affect the healthier growth of hair due to lack of nutrition.

What is the best hair loss treatment clinic in Lahore Pakistan?

Esthetique Medicare is the best choice as all patients are examined by foreign qualified specialist and treated accordingly. To get an appointment you may call / WhatsApp +92-333-430-9999